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France on the move. Where people are going and where from:

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The West and the South have the dimension

A French on ten changed department these five last years, according to a study of INSEE. Large losers: north and the Paris region.

To make simple, let us draw a diagonal. Point of Brittany in the Savoyard Alps. The departments in the North of this line recorded more departures than arrivals in five years, according to a study of INSEE carried out between 2004 and 2008. On the contrary, with the play of the migrations inter-secondary roads, in fact the departments located at the South of the diagonal show themselves gravitational. Only Charente and the Rhone delta do not yield with the rule. “Extremely urban” department, the Rhone delta saw part of its population migrating towards the more rural departments bordering, “like the Var”, explains David Levy, joint author of the study.

Into all, 5,8 million people changed department, in metropolis. Close to a French on ten questioned between 2004 and 2008 lived in another department five years earlier.

Principal recipient, West of France. This part of France, centered on the Atlantic coast, attracts new inhabitants more and more. The South knows also a positive balance, but loses a little its attractivity. North and the Paris basin know them more departures than arrivals. In Ile-de-France, in particular Paris and Seine-Saint-Denis, the departures largely carry it.

However, not of confusion: these departments with negative migratory balance do not see therefore their global population dropping. In the majority of them, the high number of births compensates for the departures.

Cape on the Cantal.

The rural departments know one big hit. The phenomenon, already observed in the Nineties, is reinforced so much in the West (the Vendée, Morbihan and Coast-in Armor), South-west (Tarn-et-Garonne, Tarn, Landes, Aude and Ariège), as well as the Massif Central (Corrèze and Creuse).

Other rural departments like the Cantal, Two-Sevres or the Saône-et-Loire, which still knew in the previous decade a negative migratory balance, profit now from a surplus.

The attractivity of the rural areas is played in two times: “The young credits go initially in the cities and their periphery, where there is employment, then when they have two or three children, they need more than space, and go towards the rural areas of the department”, explains Bernard Morel, chief of the department of the regional action with INSEE.

The 25-39 years are most mobile. The majority of the migrations are carried out between close departments geographically, and especially between the most populated.

The complete study is to be consulted here.

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Your language seems to have become seriously affected by something or other (eating too much pidgin?).

Thanks for the link to the (perfectly intelligible) complete study - somewhat astonishing that 10% of the population should migrate over 5 years, almost all to the SW.
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